Intel Core i9-10900K vs AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

Comparative analysis of Intel Core i9-10900K and AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X processors for all known characteristics in the following categories: Essentials, Performance, Memory, Graphics, Graphics interfaces, Graphics image quality, Graphics API support, Compatibility, Peripherals, Security & Reliability, Advanced Technologies, Virtualization. Benchmark processor performance analysis: PassMark - Single thread mark, PassMark - CPU mark, 3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score, Geekbench 4 - Single Core, Geekbench 4 - Multi-Core.

 

Differences

Reasons to consider the Intel Core i9-10900K

  • Around 23% higher clock speed: 5.30 GHz vs 4.3 GHz
  • Around 5% higher maximum core temperature: 100°C vs 95 °C
  • 2.2x lower typical power consumption: 125 Watt vs 280 Watt
  • Around 25% better performance in PassMark - Single thread mark: 3180 vs 2534
  • Around 31% better performance in 3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score: 13877 vs 10605
Specifications (specs)
Maximum frequency 5.30 GHz vs 4.3 GHz
Maximum core temperature 100°C vs 95 °C
Thermal Design Power (TDP) 125 Watt vs 280 Watt
Benchmarks
PassMark - Single thread mark 3180 vs 2534
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score 13877 vs 10605

Reasons to consider the AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

  • Processor is unlocked, an unlocked multiplier allows for easier overclocking
  • 54 more cores, run more applications at once: 64 vs 10
  • 108 more threads: 128 vs 20
  • A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor: 7 nm vs 14 nm
  • 12.8x more L3 cache, more data can be stored in the L3 cache for quick access later
  • 4x more maximum memory size: 512 GB vs 128 GB
  • 3.3x better performance in PassMark - CPU mark: 79930 vs 24204
Specifications (specs)
Unlocked Unlocked vs Locked
Number of cores 64 vs 10
Number of threads 128 vs 20
Manufacturing process technology 7 nm vs 14 nm
L3 cache 256 MB vs 20 MB
Maximum memory size 512 GB vs 128 GB
Benchmarks
PassMark - CPU mark 79930 vs 24204

Compare benchmarks

CPU 1: Intel Core i9-10900K
CPU 2: AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

PassMark - Single thread mark
CPU 1
CPU 2
3180
2534
PassMark - CPU mark
CPU 1
CPU 2
24204
79930
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score
CPU 1
CPU 2
13877
10605
Name Intel Core i9-10900K AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X
PassMark - Single thread mark 3180 2534
PassMark - CPU mark 24204 79930
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score 13877 10605
Geekbench 4 - Single Core 1214
Geekbench 4 - Multi-Core 23273

Compare specifications (specs)

Intel Core i9-10900K AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

Essentials

Architecture codename Comet Lake Zen
Launch date Q2'20 7 Feb 2020
Launch price (MSRP) $488 - $499 $3990
Place in performance rating 7 16
Processor Number i9-10900K
Series 10th Generation Intel Core i9 Processors
Status Launched
Vertical segment Desktop Desktop
OPN PIB 100-100000163WOF
OPN Tray 100-000000163

Performance

64 bit support
Base frequency 3.70 GHz 2.9 GHz
Bus Speed 8 GT/s
L3 cache 20 MB 256 MB
Manufacturing process technology 14 nm 7 nm
Maximum core temperature 100°C 95 °C
Maximum frequency 5.30 GHz 4.3 GHz
Number of cores 10 64
Number of threads 20 128
L1 cache 4 MB
L2 cache 32 MB
Unlocked

Memory

Max memory channels 2 8
Maximum memory bandwidth 45.8 GB/s
Maximum memory size 128 GB 512 GB
Supported memory types DDR4-2933 DDR4-3200

Graphics

Device ID 0x9BC5
Graphics base frequency 350 MHz
Graphics max dynamic frequency 1.20 GHz
Intel® Clear Video HD technology
Intel® Clear Video technology
Intel® InTru™ 3D technology
Intel® Quick Sync Video
Max video memory 64 GB
Processor graphics Intel UHD Graphics 630

Graphics interfaces

Number of displays supported 3

Graphics image quality

4K resolution support
Max resolution over DisplayPort 4096x2304@60Hz
Max resolution over eDP 4096x2304@60Hz
Max resolution over HDMI 1.4 4096x2160@30Hz

Graphics API support

DirectX 12
OpenGL 4.5

Compatibility

Configurable TDP-down 95 Watt
Configurable TDP-down Frequency 3.30 GHz
Max number of CPUs in a configuration 1
Package Size 37.5mm x 37.5mm
Sockets supported FCLGA1200 sTRX4
Thermal Design Power (TDP) 125 Watt 280 Watt
Thermal Solution PCG 2015D

Peripherals

Max number of PCIe lanes 16
PCI Express revision 3.0 4.0
PCIe configurations Up to 1x16, 2x8, 1x8+2x4
Scalability 1S Only

Security & Reliability

Execute Disable Bit (EDB)
Intel® Identity Protection technology
Intel® OS Guard
Intel® Secure Key technology
Intel® Software Guard Extensions (Intel® SGX)
Intel® Trusted Execution technology (TXT)
Secure Boot

Advanced Technologies

Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® technology
Idle States
Instruction set extensions Intel SSE4.1, Intel SSE4.2, Intel AVX2
Intel 64
Intel® AES New Instructions
Intel® Hyper-Threading technology
Intel® Optane™ Memory Supported
Intel® Stable Image Platform Program (SIPP)
Intel® Thermal Velocity Boost
Intel® Turbo Boost technology
Intel® vPro™ Platform Eligibility
Thermal Monitoring
Fused Multiply-Add 3 (FMA3)
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX)
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 2 (AVX2)
The "Zen" Core Architecture

Virtualization

Intel® Virtualization Technology (VT-x)
Intel® Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d)
Intel® VT-x with Extended Page Tables (EPT)
AMD Virtualization (AMD-V™)