AMD Ryzen 9 5900X vs Intel Core i9-10900KF

Comparative analysis of AMD Ryzen 9 5900X and Intel Core i9-10900KF processors for all known characteristics in the following categories: Essentials, Performance, Memory, Compatibility, Peripherals, Advanced Technologies, Virtualization, Security & Reliability. Benchmark processor performance analysis: PassMark - Single thread mark, PassMark - CPU mark, 3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score.

 

Differences

Reasons to consider the AMD Ryzen 9 5900X

  • CPU is newer: launch date 6 month(s) later
  • Processor is unlocked, an unlocked multiplier allows for easier overclocking
  • 2 more cores, run more applications at once: 12 vs 10
  • 4 more threads: 24 vs 20
  • A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor: 7 nm vs 14 nm
  • Around 20% more L1 cache; more data can be stored in the L1 cache for quick access later
  • 2.4x more L2 cache, more data can be stored in the L2 cache for quick access later
  • 3.2x more L3 cache, more data can be stored in the L3 cache for quick access later
  • Around 19% lower typical power consumption: 105 Watt vs 125 Watt
  • Around 12% better performance in PassMark - Single thread mark: 3493 vs 3132
  • Around 66% better performance in PassMark - CPU mark: 39424 vs 23784
Specifications (specs)
Launch date 5 Nov 2020 vs 30 Apr 2020
Unlocked Unlocked vs Locked
Number of cores 12 vs 10
Number of threads 24 vs 20
Manufacturing process technology 7 nm vs 14 nm
L1 cache 768 KB vs 640 KB
L2 cache 6 MB vs 2560 KB
L3 cache 64 MB vs 20 MB
Thermal Design Power (TDP) 105 Watt vs 125 Watt
Benchmarks
PassMark - Single thread mark 3493 vs 3132
PassMark - CPU mark 39424 vs 23784

Reasons to consider the Intel Core i9-10900KF

  • Around 10% higher clock speed: 5.30 GHz vs 4.8 GHz
  • Around 5% higher maximum core temperature: 100°C vs 95 °C
  • Around 2% better performance in 3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score: 13759 vs 13456
Specifications (specs)
Maximum frequency 5.30 GHz vs 4.8 GHz
Maximum core temperature 100°C vs 95 °C
Benchmarks
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score 13759 vs 13456

Compare benchmarks

CPU 1: AMD Ryzen 9 5900X
CPU 2: Intel Core i9-10900KF

PassMark - Single thread mark
CPU 1
CPU 2
3493
3132
PassMark - CPU mark
CPU 1
CPU 2
39424
23784
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score
CPU 1
CPU 2
13456
13759
Name AMD Ryzen 9 5900X Intel Core i9-10900KF
PassMark - Single thread mark 3493 3132
PassMark - CPU mark 39424 23784
3DMark Fire Strike - Physics Score 13456 13759

Compare specifications (specs)

AMD Ryzen 9 5900X Intel Core i9-10900KF

Essentials

Architecture codename Zen 3 Comet Lake
Launch date 5 Nov 2020 30 Apr 2020
Launch price (MSRP) $549 $463 - $474
OPN PIB 100-100000061WOF
OPN Tray 100-000000061
Place in performance rating 5 12
Vertical segment Desktop Desktop
Processor Number i9-10900KF
Series 10th Generation Intel Core i9 Processors
Status Launched

Performance

Base frequency 3.7 GHz 3.70 GHz
L1 cache 768 KB 640 KB
L2 cache 6 MB 2560 KB
L3 cache 64 MB 20 MB
Manufacturing process technology 7 nm 14 nm
Maximum core temperature 95 °C 100°C
Maximum frequency 4.8 GHz 5.30 GHz
Number of cores 12 10
Number of threads 24 20
Unlocked
64 bit support
Bus Speed 8 GT/s

Memory

ECC memory support
Max memory channels 2 2
Maximum memory bandwidth 47.68 GB/s 45.8 GB/s
Maximum memory size 128 GB 128 GB
Supported memory types DDR4-3200 DDR4-2933

Compatibility

Sockets supported AM4 FCLGA1200
Thermal Design Power (TDP) 105 Watt 125 Watt
Configurable TDP-down 95 Watt
Configurable TDP-down Frequency 3.30 GHz
Max number of CPUs in a configuration 1
Package Size 37.5mm x 37.5mm
Thermal Solution PCG 2015D

Peripherals

Max number of PCIe lanes 20 16
PCI Express revision 4.0 3.0
PCIe configurations 1x16+x4, 2x8+x4, 1x8+2x4+x4 Up to 1x16, 2x8, 1x8+2x4
Scalability 1S Only

Advanced Technologies

AMD SenseMI
AMD StoreMI technology
Fused Multiply-Add 3 (FMA3)
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX)
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 2 (AVX2)
Intel® AES New Instructions
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® technology
Idle States
Instruction set extensions Intel SSE4.1, Intel SSE4.2, Intel AVX2
Intel 64
Intel® Hyper-Threading technology
Intel® Optane™ Memory Supported
Intel® Stable Image Platform Program (SIPP)
Intel® Thermal Velocity Boost
Intel® Turbo Boost technology
Thermal Monitoring

Virtualization

AMD Virtualization (AMD-V™)
Intel® Virtualization Technology (VT-x)
Intel® Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d)
Intel® VT-x with Extended Page Tables (EPT)

Security & Reliability

Execute Disable Bit (EDB)
Intel® Identity Protection technology
Intel® OS Guard
Intel® Secure Key technology
Intel® Software Guard Extensions (Intel® SGX)
Intel® Trusted Execution technology (TXT)
Secure Boot